Surveying People’s Opinions on Integration
2020 Integration Barometer
The 2020 Integration Barometer is the third nationwide survey and the first which is not only representative of people with and without a migration background at national level but also at regional level. In addition to measuring the integration climate, the 2020 Integration Barometer investigated satisfaction with democracy and trust in politics and institutions, among other things.
The integration climate is still perceived to be positive. In comparison to the survey conducted in 2017/18, people without a migration background feel that social coexistence in Germany as an immigration country is slightly better now. This is above all down to the more positive attitude of male respondents. The long survey period means it is possible to compare people’s attitudes before and after the coronavirus lockdown measures took effect in March 2020. The analysis shows that satisfaction with democracy and trust in politicians in general and the Federal Government in particular were both higher in the period after the lockdown. The increase in satisfaction and trust tends to be stronger for people without a migration background than for those with a migration background, although the latter started from a higher base level of satisfaction. Trust in school and the police as institutions was on a high level during the coronavirus pandemic, both in respondents with and without a migration background. However, those with a migration background who feel discriminated on account of their origin have less trust in both institutions.
A total of 15,095 people across Germany took part in the telephone survey for the 2020 Integration Barometer in the period between November 2019 and August 2020. They included 8,034 people without a migration background, 1,244 ethnic German resettlers, 880 people of Turkish descent, 2,078 EU migrants and 2,859 migrants from the rest of the world. The minimum quotas on sample sizes at regional level and the corresponding weighting mean the 2020 Integration Barometer is representative at federal state level of people with and without a migration background. It is also representative at national level of people with and without a migration background and the groups of origin mentioned in the above.
About the Integration Barometer
The Integration Barometer is a representative public survey of people with and without a migration background in Germany. It measures the integration climate in Germany as an immigration country and captures the population's perceptions and expectations with regard to integration and migration as well as integration and migration policy. The 2020 Integration Barometer was the first to be sponsored jointly by the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community and the 16 federal states (Laender). The Integration Barometer has been expanded into a Federal Government/Federal State Barometer, which enables analyses to be made at the federal state level too. The 16th Conference of Integration Ministers, held in April 2021, endorsed the Federal Government and federal states continuing to jointly fund the Integration Barometer. The next Barometer, planned for 2022, can thus also be based on a significantly increased sample.
2018 Integration Barometer
2016 Integration Barometer
2014 Integration Barometer
Migration Barometer 2013
Integration Barometer 2012
Migration Barometer 2011
Integration Barometer 2010